SENIOR PHASE

ENGLISH - THE PURPOSE OF ENGLISH

In the senior phase emphasis is placed on the teaching of the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills at this language level. This level also provides learners with a literary, aesthetic and imaginative ability that will provide them with the ability to recreate, imagine, and empower their understandings of the world they live in. In grade 7, learners continue to strengthen their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. At this stage all children are learning through the medium of English, and should be getting more exposure to it. Greater emphasis is therefore placed on using the English home Language for the purposes of thinking and reasoning. This enables learners to develop their cognitive academic skills, which they need to study subjects like Science in English. They also engage more with literary texts and begin to develop aesthetic and imaginative ability. Grammar should be taught for constructing text in their context of use.

NATURAL SCIENCE

Science is a systematic way of looking for explanations and connecting the ideas we have. In science, certain methods of inquiry and investigation are generally used. The methods include formulating hypothesis, designing and carrying out experiments to test the hypothesis.

AFRIKAANS FIRST ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE

In the senior phase emphasis is placed on the teaching of the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills at this language level. This level also provides learners with a literary, aesthetic and imaginative ability that will provide them with the ability to recreate, imagine, and empower their understandings of the world they live in. In grade 7, learners continue to strengthen their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. At this stage all children are learning through the medium of English, and should be getting more exposure to it. Greater emphasis is therefore placed on using the English home Language for the purposes of thinking and reasoning. This enables learners to develop their cognitive academic skills, which they need to study subjects like Science in English. They also engage more with literary texts and begin to develop aesthetic and imaginative ability. Grammar should be taught for constructing text in their context of use

In this phase, learners consolidate what they have learnt in previous grades. It prepares them for the challenges of the working environment and initiates them into the demands of living in a democratic society. They learn to think critically about social and environmental issues like HIV and to react constructively to these issues.

Mathematics

SECTION 1: DEFINITION, AIMS, SKILLS AND CONTENT

WHAT IS MATHEMATICS

Mathematics is a language that makes use of symbols and notations to describe numerical, geometric and graphical relationships. It is a human activity that involves observing, representing and investigating patterns and quantitative relationships in physical and social phenomena and between mathematical objects themselves. It helps to develop mental processes that enhance logical and critical thinking, accuracy and problem-solving that will contribute in decision-making.

SPECIFIC AIMS

The teaching and learning of Mathematics aims to develop:

  • A critical awareness of how mathematical relationships are used in social, environmental, cultural and economic relations
  • Confidence and competence to deal with any mathematical situation without being hindered by a fear of Mathematics
  • An appreciation for the beauty and elegance of Mathematics
  • A spirit of curiosity and a love for Mathematics
  • Recognition that Mathematics is a creative part of human activity
  • Deep conceptual understandings in order to make sense of Mathematics
  • Acquisition of specific knowledge and skills necessary for:
  • The application of Mathematics to physical, social and mathematical problems
  • The study of related subject matter (e.g. other subjects)
  • Further study in Mathematics

SPECIFIC SKILLS

To develop essential mathematical skills the learner should:

  • Develop the correct use of the language of Mathematics
  • Develop number vocabulary, number concept and calculation and application skills
  • Learn to listen, communicate, think, reason logically and apply the mathematical knowledge gained
  • Learn to investigate, analyse, represent and interpret information
  • Learn to pose and solve problems
  • Build an awareness of the important role that Mathematics plays in real life situations including the personal development of the learner

Focus of Content Areas

Mathematics in the Senior Phase covers five main Content Areas:

  • Numbers, Operations and Relationships
  • Patterns, Functions and Algebra
  • Space and Shape (Geometry)
  • Measurement
  • Data Handling

Each content area contributes towards the acquisition of specific skills

SOCIAL SCIENCE SENIOR PHASE-HISTORY

History is the study of change and development in society over time. The study of History enables people to understand and evaluate how past human action has an impact on the present and how it influences the future.

History is about learning how to think about the past, and by implication the present, in a disciplined way. History is a process of enquiry and involves asking questions about the past: What happened? When did it happen? Why did it happen then? It is about how to think analytically about the stories people tell us about the past and how we internalise that information.

THE STUDY OF HISTORY ALSO SUPPORTS CITIZENSHIP WITHIN A DEMOCRACY BY :

  • Explaining and encouraging the values of the South African Constitution;
  • Encouraging civic responsibility and responsible leadership, including raising current social and environmental concerns;
  • Promoting human rights and peace by challenging prejudices involving race, class, gender, ethnicity and xenophobia; and
  • Preparing young people for local, regional, national, continental and global responsibility

THE SPECIFY AIMS OF HISTORY ARE TO CREATE :

  • An interest in and enjoyment of the study of the past;
  • Knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shape it;
  • The ability to undertake a process of historical enquiry based on skills; and
  • An understanding of historical concepts, including historical sources and evidence.

ECONOMIC AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES

The subject Economic and Management Sciences deals with the efficient and effective use of different types of private, public or collective resources to satisfy people’s needs and wants. It reflects critically on the impact of resource exploitation on the environment and on people. It also deals with effective management of scarce resources in order to maximise profit.

Economic and Management Sciences is a practical subject that equips learners with real-life skills for personal development and the development of the community. The tasks set should contribute to personal development and should promote the idea of sustainable economic growth and the development of the community.

An overview of the content of this subject entails the following:

  • The needs and wants of different communities in societies;
  • The nature, processes and production of goods and services, and business activities within the different sectors;
  • The nature, processes and production of goods and services, and business activities within the different sectors;
  • Financial management, accounting as a tool for management of a business, and record keeping;
  • The influence of demand and supply, and pricing;
  • The flow of money, goods and services between households, business and government, and the rights and responsibilities of the different role players in the economy;
  • The way in which to achieve sustainable growth, reduce poverty and distribute wealth fairly, while still pursuing profitability;
  • Entrepreneurial skills and knowledge needed to manage self and the environment effectively;
  • Basic aspects of leadership and management;
  • The role of savings in sustainable economic growth and development;
  • Trade unions and their influence in the economy;
  • The importance of using resources sustainably, effectively and efficiently; and
  • Functioning of both formal and informal businesses.